WPI Spotlight

  • January 4, 2017
    Agribusiness can refer to virtually every commercial activity from crop and livestock production to... Trends and Agribusiness
  • November 3, 2016
    The All India Poultry Exporters Association wants the government to either ban the importation... India's Biotech Decision

News

28 July

Gary Blumenthal is presenting at USGC in Omaha, Nebraska.

29 July

Gary Blumenthal and Dave Juday are presenting at the National Pork Board in Des Moines, Iowa.

30-31 July

Mike Krueger is speaking at the Latin American Buyers Conference in Costa Rica.

Rising Demand

The global aquaculture sector clearly offers a great opportunity for expansion in the future. Aquaculture production has grown at an annual rate of 8.3 percent and reached 60 MMT in CY 2010. Output must continue to increase in order to meet the rising global demand for seafood.

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Week of 2 June

Gary Blumenthal, Mike Krueger and David Poe will be in Memphis to discuss commodity heging opportunities with a trading firm.

10 June

Mike Krueger is speaking at the U.S. Wheat Summit Meeting in Omaha, Nebraska.

19 June

Gary Blumenthal is presenting the global supply and demand situation at the 2014 China-U.S. Grain and Oilseeds Trade Forum in Beijing, China.

1 May

Gary Blumenthal and David Poe are giving a presentation to the financial sector in New York City.


Technology and Trade

The topic of high frequency trading (HFT) of equities and commodities has become all the rage. The CFTC, the SEC, the FBI and New York's attorney general are all investigating it. However, the subject has really taken off as a result of financial writer Michael Lewis's latest book entitled "Flash Boys: A Wall Street Revolt," which is about a group of computer nerds who use HFT programs to gain an unfair advantage over less technologically-adept investors. The financial press is also filled with discussion about the matter.
It is a concept, though, that has been around since at least 2005 when computer trading programs that use electronic trading platforms to match buy and sell orders were developed and really took off. Cheaper and faster electronic trading at exchanges began to account for a significant and rapidly growing percentage of an exchange's total trading volume at the expense of traditional trading by open outcry.

Back when we were much younger, commodity futures markets were much simpler in many respects than they are today. In those days, what might be called HFT occurred at lunch time when brokerage clients left their workplaces and headed to their broker's office to eat a sandwich, watch the quote board and place a few orders as it was usually faster than doing so by phone. Veteran CBOT pit traders often counted on a brief lunch time rally resulting from orders from brokerage clients as they ate and stared at the board.
How things have changed! Trading in which an exchange computer system automatically matches buy and sell orders encouraged the development of computer trading systems that automatically create the buy and sell orders. Electronic trading now typically accounts for 90 percent or more of the CME's total trading volume.

HFT is executed by computers placing large buy and sell market orders through electronic trading platforms operated by exchanges using algorithms and advanced technical systems that anticipate and cash in on tiny price movements. The margins per unit of trade, if any, earned by these black box algorithmic trading programs are usually extremely small, but become large sums of money when multiplied by the large volumes typically involved. Contrary to technical trading systems that track price momentum, HFT programs trade in the very short term. They seldom carry a position at the end of the trading day. By now, every successful equity and commodity exchange provides electronic trading that is available most of the 24 hours of every trading day. An example of an exchange-operated electronic trading platform is CME's Globex. A few have also retained open outcry trading alongside for a part of each day, despite the small portion of their respective volumes accounted for by open outcry trading. How long exchanges will carry open outcry trade is a question.

The main questions being raised are these: Does HFT give its operators an unfair advantage over ordinary investors? Does HFT distort markets? If so, is this done in ways that breach regulations and/or commit crimes? Needless to say, these questions generate a wide difference of opinions.



(This article was originally published in the 3 April 2014 issue of Ag Perspectives as part of a WPI analysis by Bob Kohlmeyer. Click here to find out more about subscribing to Ag Perspectives.)

9 April

Gary Blumenthal is speaking on geopolitical instability and agriculture at the Farm Foundation in Washington, DC.

22 April

Mike Krueger is speaking at the Wheat Procurement Seminar in Jakarta, Indonesia.

24 April

Mike Krueger is speaking at the Wheat Procurement Seminar in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

WPI Spotlight

  • January 4, 2017
    Agribusiness can refer to virtually every commercial activity from crop and livestock production to... Trends and Agribusiness
  • November 3, 2016
    The All India Poultry Exporters Association wants the government to either ban the importation... India's Biotech Decision